Orthodontics is the subfield of dentistry, which deals with prevention, diagnosis, and therapy of jaw misalignments and malocclusions. These may affect the complete chewing system with all its muscles, ligaments and joints.
Misalignments may not only affect the masticatory apparatus, but also the teeth, most of all in children, and promote the development of caries. The early detection of misalignments and their therapy in childhood are of utter importance. Young patients usually get removable braces. Fully erupted permanent teeth can be brought into the correct positions with fixed appliances (“classic” braces), which offer several possibilities and treatment options. As the teeth are firmly anchored in the bone and any movements of the teeth are caused by slow remodeling processes in the bone, this therapy usually will last one year. Severe misalignments will require a second year of treatment.
As soon as the teeth are in their ideal positions, the aim is to preserve this new brilliant smile. This is called the phase of retention. Typically, a thin wire is adhered to the inner sides of the teeth, which keeps the teeth in the desired positions.
Our specialist for orthodontics, Dr. Roxana Rominu, will be pleased to answer all your questions.