A tooth filling is used to close a decayed tooth after caries removal. In the conservative (tooth-preserving) filling therapy we concentrate on amalgam-free composite fillings. The color shade of these fillings is similar to the one of the teeth and is therefore aesthetically more pleasing than fillings of amalgam. Composite tooth fillings can be formed in situ by curing plastic polymers (so-called dental composites).
The decision against a filling of amalgam is a simple one, as amalgams might be harmful due to their mercury content. Furthermore, composite tooth fillings adhere better to the tooth and come loose less frequently than amalgam fillings.
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FAQs about Tooth Fillings
Which one is the better option and should rather be used: amalgam filling or plastic filling (composite filling)?
Apart from the fact that amalgam contains mercury, which might be harmful for the body, an amalgam filling is fixed only by wedging into the cavity (prepared hole) of the tooth. Plastic fillings may be adhered to the teeth, which makes them longer lasting.
For the above reasons we would always resort to the mercury-free plastic material.
Our goal is always a painless treatment. As a rule, the provision of a filling is painless for our patients.
In case of profound decay, a tooth nerve might be sensitized. This might lead to a sensitivity of the tooth, which might last three to six months, but is constantly decreasing after the treatment.
In exceptional cases (less than one percent of all patients) the nerve is irritated strongly, leading to complaints which require a root canal treatment.